Caviar: composition, useful properties, contraindications to use. How to distinguish real eggs from the fake.
Black caviar is a delicious delicacy that has been a favorite delicacy of both nobles and ordinary people since the tsarist times. It has been known for many years that sturgeon caviar has multifaceted medicinal properties, that it is the rarest natural product, simply priceless for the human body. The high cost of caviar due to the fact that due to the constant fishing (mainly poaching) sturgeon were on the verge of extinction. But what is so useful caviar that many doctors recommend it as a preventive and strengthening the body product?
Composition of caviar
Caviar of sturgeon is rich in amino acids, useful proteins and fats, vitamins A, E, D. All these substances play a huge role in the development of the body, they are easily absorbed, have a beneficial effect on the work of many organs and systems. In black caviar even more minerals than in the fish from which it is extracted. These are phosphorus, iodine, selenium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, etc.
The use and useful properties of caviar
Black caviar for skin health
Regular consumption of sturgeon caviar prevents the aging process. It has been scientifically proven that the substances contained in caviar activate the production of collagen by the skin, and this happens at the level of the layers where the cells divide. And collagen, as you know, is responsible for the strength of the skin. The effect of rejuvenation is enhanced by the amazing fact that the cells of eggs have a similar configuration to the structure of human cells.
Caviar in cosmetology
The complex of proteins, nutrients, vitamins contained in caviar, supports the health and elasticity of the skin, promotes its regeneration, accelerates the healing of tissues. This nourishing complex is part of expensive creams that help fight the signs of aging. They are produced only by famous brands, and recommended cream with black caviar for women after 35.
Black caviar for the nervous system, memory and vision
Without acetylcholine, which is part of the caviar of sturgeon, the normal functioning of the nervous system is impossible. Black caviar improves vision, memory and brain function: for people engaged in mental work, it is simply irreplaceable. In black caviar, as in other seafood, a lot of iodine, so it is often prescribed to people suffering from thyroid diseases.
Black caviar for children and pregnant women
Each egg sturgeon – a storehouse of nutrients. This unique gift of the sea must be present in the diet of pregnant women. Black caviar not only takes care of the health of the expectant mother, it has everything necessary for the development of the fetus. Caviar is necessary and nursing mothers, and young children after 3 years – for growing organism she extremely useful.
Black caviar for the cardiovascular system
Caviar of sturgeon promotes the production of hemoglobin in the blood, takes part in the development of blood, improves blood circulation, increases the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels, prevents the development of stroke, heart attack, coronary heart disease.
Black caviar for slimming people
Sturgeon caviar is the most valuable dietary product (caloric content – 230-270 kcal per 100 g). It is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which contribute to the breakdown of harmful cholesterol in the blood, burning fat and cleansing the body of toxins. And nutritionists note that the use of caviar has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
Other useful properties of caviar
Black caviar is recommended for people who are weakened by excessive loads, serious diseases, operations. Also, it is prescribed to cancer patients and people that need increased nutrition. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which are rich in caviar, slow down the development of tumors of various origins. Of course, caviar is not a medicine or a panacea, it is only a preventive, immune-enhancing remedy.
Sturgeon caviar is valued for its strong anti-allergic properties. It is hypoallergenic, that is absolutely safe for people suffering from various allergies. And black caviar is able to ease the course of allergies and reduce the number of its attacks.
Contraindications to the use of caviar
Like any other useful product, caviar should not be abused, as it has a lot of salt. Exclude this product from your diet is recommended for a tendency to swelling, high pressure, the appearance of protein in the urine, a strict diet in which you want to minimize salt intake. Also, you can not give black caviar to children under 3 years, because they have not yet fully established the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Be wary of caviar of sturgeon should be used for people with kidney stone disease and disorders in the kidneys.
What products combine the caviar?
Black caviar goes well with butter and sour cream. It is usually served on toast, biscuits or tartlets. Pancakes are perfect – it is a native Russian tradition.
The most ordinary dish with black caviar will be unique. The taste is perfect with roasted or baked vegetables. For example, you can fry eggplant or zucchini and serve them with caviar – simple, unusual and very tasty. Black caviar is often added to vegetable and fish soups. It is the best way to enrich the taste of the broth of smoked salmon, will be a good addition to the baked potatoes, wonderful for the preparation of various gravies based on exotic fruits and vegetables. Sauce with avocado or shallots, served with salmon caviar and crispy toast of white bread – a very tasty and very original dish for the holiday table.
How to distinguish between caviar from a fake
Substandard, fake, poaching, spoiled caviar sell a lot. To avoid food poisoning, allergies, intoxication will help simple rules for choosing a gourmet delicacy.
You need to buy caviar only from trusted companies, with all responsibility to approach its choice. If eggs of high quality, it needs to be expensive. Otherwise, it is likely to be either overdue or artificial or illegal products. Preference should be given to caviar in a glass container – it is chemically neutral, unlike a tin can, which can occur oxidation of metals. In addition, the glass allows you to see the size, quality and color of the eggs. In most of the Bank should not be a lot of liquid, and eggs should fit to fill the capacity.
It is desirable to buy caviar by weight. To eliminate the sour smell, give spoiled caviar presentation, it is often added sunflower oil, potassium permanganate. Fresh eggs mixed with artificial, made of protein, gelatin and algae.
These eggs are easily separated from each other, have a rich color, with easy pressing burst, they are elastic, crumbly, without plaque and films, without strong bitterness in taste. If you carefully consider the eggs, you can see the dots on them-the eyes, which are not in the artificial product. There is one simple way to check the quality of caviar: you need to throw 3-4 eggs in a glass of boiling water: if they dissolve, then you have a fake.
The package must contain the following information: shelf life, manufacturer, date of issue, grade. From preservatives permissible only E200. Such a dangerous preservative as urotropin (E239), which was previously added to caviar, is now prohibited. The fact that the product is Packed fresh, confirms the date of production: caviar is extracted in July-August, but if the lid is another month, this is a reason to be wary. Pay attention to the species of fish from which the fish is extracted. It can't be white sturgeon: fishing for this species of sturgeon and the collection of his calves is prohibited.